[ Five ] Types of Air Conditioner Compressor Structure & Work Guide

We have to know about Air conditioner’s cycle before knowing the types of ac compressor. Inside each cooling unit is a blower. The blower assumes the imperative job of compacting the refrigerant as it enters the machine so as to expand its temperature.

When warmed, the gas leaves the blower and goes into the condenser so the cooling procedure can start. While all AC blowers have similar activity, they work in shifting ways and offer diverse advantages and disadvantages.  We are showing you about the types of air conditioner compressor and Compressor work.
Table of Content
Types of air conditioner compressor.

  • Scroll type AC compressor 
  • Screw ac compressor 
  • Rotary air conditioning compressor 
  • Reciprocating compressor
  • Centrifugal air conditioning compressor 

 Work of AC compressor

  • AC compressor cycle
  • Heat transfer
  • Turns liquid
  • Absorbs Heat

Types of Air Conditioner Compressor

The responding blower is the most well-known sort of AC blower. A cylinder packs the air by climbing and down within a chamber. As the cylinder moves down, it makes a vacuum impact that sucks in the refrigerant. As it climbs, the gas packs and moves into the condenser. A responding cooling blower is exceptionally productive, as AC units can have up to eight chambers inside the blower.

1. Scroll AC Compressor 

types of air conditioner compressorParchment cooling blowers, similar to this LG blower, are more up to date on the scene. They contain one settled loop—called the look—in the focal point of the unit, and after that, there is another curl that turns around it. Amid this procedure, the second parchment pushes the refrigerant towards the middle and packs it.




2. Screw AC Compressor 

types of air conditioner compressorThe screw blower is very solid and proficient, yet it’s for the most part utilized in extensive structures where there is a tremendous measure of air that requires persistent cooling. A screw cooling blower contains two expansive helical rotors that move the air from one end to the next. Cold travels through the blower. This reduces the space, and it packs.




3. Rotary Air Conditioning Compressor 

types of air conditioner compressorRevolving blowers are little and calm, so they are well known in areas where clamor is a worry. Within this sort of AC blower contains a pole with a few cutting edges connected to it. The bladed shaft turns inside the graduated barrel, therefore pushing the refrigerant through the chamber and compacting it at the same time.


4. Reciprocating Compressor 

types of air conditioner compressorThe use of Reciprocating Compressor in a window and split air conditioner. Reciprocating Air Conditioner Compressor has more power comparing to the rotary compressor. after reaching 50 degrees temperature, Reciprocating Air Conditioner Compressor will not stop working. and the rotary compressor tripping after 50-degree temperature.
Wind up and down inside a cylinder. As the piston goes down, it creates a vacuum effect that becomes useless in the cold. As it grows up, the gas shrinks and goes into the condenser. A reciprocating air conditioning compressor is very efficient because AC units can have up to eight cylinders within the compressor.


5. Centrifugal Air Conditioning Compressor 

types of air conditioner compressorThe last kind of AC blower is the outward blower. As the name infers, it utilizes radial power to pull in the refrigerant gas and after that turns it quickly with an impeller to pack it.


What is The Work of the AC Compressor?

An ac compressor works by transforming a refrigerant compound from a gas to a liquid and back again in a continuous cycle. Air conditioners consist of four basic mechanical parts: a compressor, condenser, expansion valve, and evaporator.


1. AC Compressor Cycle

The ac compressor removes the heart of the cooling cycle. The cycle begins when the compressor draws in cool, low-pressure refrigerant gas from the indoors. The motor-driven compressor’s sole function is to “squeeze” the refrigerant, raising its temperature and pressure so that it exits the compressor as a hot, high-pressure gas.

2. Heat Transfer

The ac compressor pushes the hot gas to the finned condenser coil in the outdoor side of the air conditioner where fans blow cool outside air over the coil and through the fins, extracting the heat from the refrigerant and transferring it to the outside air.

3. Turns Liquid

When sufficient heat is extracted from the refrigerant, it condenses into a hot liquid. It passes through an expansion valve at high pressure. Which turns the refrigerant into a cool, low-pressure liquid. The refrigerant expansion valve passes through the fined evaporator coil located in the indoor or room side of the air conditioner unit.

4. Absorbs Heat

The absorbing compressor is also made by the AC compressor. When the refrigerant enters the evaporator coil where the pressure is very low, it is chemically forced to evaporate into the gas. This process requires heat. It comes from the warm air of the room by another fan blowing on the evaporative coil. The heat of the room is transferred to the evaporating refrigerant. The air in the room becomes cold. The refrigerant, now cooled back, is a low-pressure gas, drawn back into the compressor to continue the cycle.


Since you know the diverse kinds of cooling blowers, you can pick the one that you think will serve your requirements the best as far as unwavering quality and effectiveness. To become familiar with any of our AC blowers, reach us now.

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